TOEFL Speaking Question 4
Integrated Speaking – Academic Subject (Listen, Explain):
The lecture will be about an academic subject (as in question three). In this case, the professor will define a concept or introduce a phenomenon and then give some examples that illustrate key aspects or perspectives related to it.
Certain key words and phrases act as guideposts to help you understand the different parts of the lecture.
Definition or introduction
is related in meaning to
is seen to be
as you can tell from the name
it is common to find
it's possible that you will see
there have been documented cases of
it was this kind of behavior that allowed X to succeed in...
Now imagine you are explaining the main concept or issue to someone who hasn't heard the lecture. Do not give your opinion or repeat exact phrases from the lecture. Use the examples and illustrations you heard, but put them in your own words.
Mercantilism was an economic policy of nations based on developing international business.
PARAPHRASE IN YOUR OWN WORDS:
Countries who did business outside of their local region adopted mercantilism.