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Syntax is that part of grammar which teaches how words are combined in sentences, and shows their agreement, government, and arrangement.

Many of the principles of syntax have been illustrated in the earlier part of this book, but a more complete statement of its laws will follow.

We have already learned that:

1. A sentence is an expression of a thought by means of words.

2. Sentences are either oral or written.

3. A thought may be expressed as: (a) A statement.

(6) A question.

(c) A command or an entreaty.

(d) An exclamation.

In whatever form a sentence may appear it must always contain a subject and a predicate.


The subject or the predicate may be understood.

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