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Kinds Of Sentences, Phrases, And Clauses

Tell which of the following sentences are complex or compound. Point out the phrases and clauses in these sentences, and tell the use of each:

1. The crew thought that their passenger was a criminal.

2. How long the Indians had been in America is not known.

3. Speak so that we can hear you.

4. The winter is over and gone; the warm south wind has melted them and they are now running away, joyous and free, down the hillside, and through the meadows.

5. Sin has many tools, but a lie is the handle that fits them all.

6. The man who cannot govern himself is a slave.

7. He paid more than the goods were worth, but he thought he had made a good bargain.

8. Often I think of the beautiful town

Which is seated by the sea.

9. Inside the door, on the sanded floor,

Light, airy footsteps glide, And a maiden fair with flaxen hair, Kneels by the old man's side.

10. While the robbers were busy with the plunder, she set fire to the house.

11. After the horse was stolen, he locked the stable door.

12. At length the general with loud voice ordered the sergeant to take off the cover, and the eyes of all were turned at once to the mysterious dish.

13. The war which began at Fort Sumter, lasted through four sad years.

14. When the Civil War broke out, Jackson was commander of the First Virginia Brigade.

15. At a hint from the general, all left the tent, and the enraptured father remained with his dear boy.

16. That the earth moves round the sun was unknown in ancient times.

17. Roger Williams talked so boldly that the magistrates sentenced him to be banished.

18. When these states began to be settled, the country was a wilderness.

19. They were dressed in their gayest apparel, and the Indian lords vied with one another in the display of costly ornaments and jewels on their persons.

20. When the people gathered for worship, their muskets were stacked at the door.

21. When he saw that these heights were not strongly guarded, he believed that he could capture the town.

22. The English statesmen said that America was growing too fast.

23. How an acorn becomes an oak is a mystery, but it is only one of a thousand.

24. If you would make your blows count, strike while the iron is hot.

25. The French officer who visited the mother of Washington said, "No wonder the Americans have such a leader"

26. Three days previous there was a general fast, and no fire was allowed to be lighted in the dwellings.

27. Gold was said by the people to be the tears of the sun, and every part of the interior of the temple glowed with bur-nished plates and studs of the precious metal.

28. In like manner, three more assaults were repulsed, and ere sunset the enemy had lost forty-five men in killed and wounded.

29. The inhabitants in their ignorance had gradually abandoned their hopes of release, but they spurned the summons to surrender.

30. The words of the stout burgomaster inspired a new courage in the hearts of those who heard him, and a shout of applause and defiance arose from the famishing but enthusiastic crowd.

31. In the center of the stage was a splendid canopy, decorated with the arms of Burgundy, beneath which were placed three gilded armchairs.

32. The first fortress was thus seized, dismantled, set on fire and passed, and a few strokes of the oars brought the whole fleet close to Lammen.

33. Among the peasantry assembled at the feast were two who had neither danced nor seated themselves at the long table where all were welcome.

34. The most profound silence reigned in those awful solitudes, which was interrupted only by the cry of the deer which came to their lairs in that unfrequented spot

35. Their position would still have enabled them, with firmness, to frustrate the enterprise of the patriots, but the hand of God, which had sent the ocean and the tempest to the deliverance of Leyden, had struck her enemies with terror likewise.

36. The lights which had been seen moving during the night were the lanterns of the retreating Spaniards, and the boy who was now waving his triumphant signal from the battlements had alone witnessed the spectacle.

37. Elizabeth looked at the young man, who accompanied this act of devoted courtesy with a profound reverence, and with a blush that overspread his whole countenance.

38. The young cavalier was guided to the waterside by the pensioner, who showed him considerable respect. He ushered him into one of the royal wherries which lay ready to attend the queen's barge, which was already proceeding up the river.

39. It did not take the partridge long to find out how sweet its buds were, and every winter eve she flew, and still flies, from the wood to pluck them, much to the farmers' sorrow.

40. John tried again and again, and at last his efforts were crowned with success.

41. The rain fell steadily for hours, and at last the thirsty earth seemed glad.

42. Mr. Spencer especially loved song birds, and the birds seemed to know this, for many built nests in the trees about his home.

43. Joe's father gave him a small piece of land to plant for himself; and Joe was so much pleased to have a garden of his own, that his became one of the best gardens in the village.

44. This was uttered in a tone and with a gesture which made Lord Sussex's friends who were within easy hearing tremble.

45. Beyond the Nubian and scarce visible from without, lay the huge dog, which might be termed his brother slave, and which, as if he felt awed by being transferred to a royal owner, was crouched close to the side of the mute.

46. The door of Scrooge's counting-house was open, that he might keep his eye upon his clerk, who in a dismal little cell beyond, a sort of tank, was copying letters.

47. When anything that was read or related displeased him, he was observed to smoke his pipe vehemently, and to send forth short, frequent, and angry puffs; but when pleased he would inhale the smoke slowly and tranquilly, and emit it in light and placid clouds.

48. The neighbors stared when they heard it; some were seen to wink at each other, and put their tongues in their cheeks; and the self-important man in the cocked hat, who when the alarm was over, had returned to the field, screwed down the corners of his mouth and shook his head, - upon which there was a general shaking of the head throughout the assemblage.

49. Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us.

50. Not as the conqueror comes,

They the true hearted came. Not with roll of stirring drums,

Nor the trumpet that sings of fame.

51. We cherish every memorial of these worthy ancestors; we admire their daring enterprise; we teach our children to venerate their piety; and we are justly proud of being descended from men who have set the world the example of founding civil institutions on the great and united principles of human freedom and human knowledge.

52. A new spirit of enterprise and industry begins to prevail; all the great interests of society receive a salutary impulse; and the progress of information not only testifies to an improved condition, but of itself constitutes the highest and most essential improvement.

53. Somewhat apart from the village, and nearer the Basin of Minas, Benedict Bellefontaine, the wealthiest farmer of Grand-

Pre, Dwelt on his goodly acres; and with him, directing his household, Gentle Evangeline lived, his child and the pride of the village.

54. I wandered lonely as a cloud

That floats on high o'er vales and hills. When all at once I saw a crowd,

A host of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees.

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

55. Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay.

56. For oft when on my couch I lie

In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude.

57. It matters little where I was born,

Whether my parents were rich or poor; Whether they shrank at the cold world's scorn,

Or walked in the pride of wealth secure; But whether I live an honest man,

And hold my integrity firm in my clutch, I tell you, my brother, as I am

It matters much.

58. Very little sweet have I,

Wealth and station have passed me by; But something sweet in my life I hold That I would not exchange for place or gold.

59. Of old sat Freedom on the heights,

The thunders breaking at her feet; Above her shook the starry lights; She heard the torrents meet.

60. There in her place she did rejoice,

Self-gather'd in her prophet mind, But fragments of her mighty voice Came rolling on the wind.

61. Our band is few, but true and tried,

Our leader frank and bold; The British soldier trembles When Marion's name is told.

62. Our fortress is the good greenwood,

Our tent the cypress tree; We know the forest round us As the seamen know the sea.

63. We know its walls of thorny vines,

Its glades of reedy grass, Its safe and silent islands Within the dark morass.

64. The breaking waves dashed high

On a stern and rock-bound coast, And the woods against a stormy sky Their giant branches tossed;

65. And the heavy night hung dark

The hills and waters o'er, When a band of exiles moored their bark On the wild New England shore.

66. Large blue silk flags were flying from the windows of the Town Arms Inn, and bills were posted in every sash, intimating in gigantic letters, that the honorable Samuel Slumkey's Committee sat there daily.

67. A crowd of idlers was assembled in the road, looking at a hoarse man in the balcony, who was apparently talking himself very red in the face in Mr. Slumkey's behalf, but the force and point of whose arguments were somewhat impaired by the perpetual beating of four large drums which Mr. Fitkin's committee had stationed at the street corner.

68. There was a busy little man beside him, though, who took off his hat at intervals and motioned the people to cheer, which they regularly did, mosfenthusiastically; and as the red-faced man went on talking till he was redder in the face than ever, it seemed to answer his purpose quite as well as if anybody had heard him.

69. There was a roaring in the wind all night;

The rain came heavily and fell in floods; But now the sun is rising calm and bright,

The birds are singing in the distant woods;

Over his own sweet voice the stock-dove broods; The jay makes answer as the magpie chatters; And all the air is filled with pleasant noise of waters.

70. All things that love the sun are out of doors;

The sky rejoices in the morning's birth; The grass is bright with raindrops; on the moors The hare is running races in her mirth, And with her feet she from the plashy earth Raises a mist, that, glittering in the sun, Runs with her all the way, wherever she doth run.

71. And what is so rare as a day in June?

Then, if ever, come perfect days; Then Heaven tries the earth if it be in tune,

And over it softly her warm ear lays; Whether we look, or whether we listen, We hear life murmur or see it glisten;

Every clod feels a stir of might, An instinct within it that reaches and towers,

And, groping blindly above it for light, Climbs to a soul in grass and flowers;

The flush of life may well be seen Thrilling back over hills and valleys;

The cowslip startles in meadows green, The buttercup catches the sun in its chalice,

And there's never a leaf nor a blade too mean To be some happy creature's palace.

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