Peter read and I listened. Here we have two sentences, each complete in itself, but united by the word and to show that they are related in thought. Each of these sentences, by itself is a simple sentence, but when the two are combined as above, they form a compound sentence.
It will be seen that Peter read does not modify I lis-tened, neither does I listened modify Peter read. Each of these parts of the sentence which is of equal importance with the other part is called a coordinate sentence.
A compound sentence may have more than two coordinate parts.
A compound sentence is a sentence that contains two or more coordinate sentences.
Point out and name the coordinate sentences in each of the following compound sentences. Prove to yourself that each sentence is or is not compound.
1. The hand of the diligent maketh rich, but a fool and his money are soon parted.
2. The storm ceased, but the vessel was lost.
3. Thomas walked, Carl rode his wheel, and Edith rode in the carriage with her father.
4. The hour for sailing had arrived, everything on board was in trim condition, the anchor was weighed, and the huge steamer started on her homeward journey.
5. The way was long, the wind was cold, The minstrel was infirm and old.
6. Thick clouds of dust afar appeared, And trampling steeds were faintly heard.
7. The air was mild, the wind was calm, The stream was smooth, the dew was balm.
8. The castle gates were open flung,
The quivering drawbridge rocked and rung, And echoed loud the flinty street Beneath the courser's clattering feet.
9. The lion perceiving this, made a prodigious leap, but the dog was happily beyond his reach.
10. "It is true," said Sancho, "that I once did keep swine, but I was only a boy then."
11. The pastor came; his snowy locks
Hallowed his brow of thought and care; And calmly, as shepherds lead their flocks, He led into the house of prayer.
12. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,
The lowing herd winds slowly o'er the lea.
13. Then shook the hills with thunder riven; Then rushed the steed to battle driven.
14. It is a beauteous evening, calm and free, The holy time is quiet as a nun Breathless with adoration; the broad sun Is sinking down in its tranquillity.
We have now briefly studied the parts of sentences. However much we may read or write, we shall find no elements of sentences not already mentioned.
The main parts of a compound sentence are coordinate sentences.
We shall study these parts more fully as we proceed.