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Irregular Comparison

Some adjectives are compared irregularly. The following list contains most of those thus compared:

Positive.

Comparative.

Superlative.

bad, ill, or evil

worse

worst

far

farther

farthest

fore

former

foremost, or first

further

furthest

good

better

best

hind

hinder

hindermost

late

later, latter

latest, last

little

less

least

many

more

most

much

more

most

Hear

nearer

nearest, next

nether

nethermost



Positive,

Comparative.

Superlative.

nigh

nigher

nighest, next

old

older, elder

oldest, eldest

outer

outmost, outermost

utter

utmost, uttermost

upper

upmost, uppermost

An older brother, an older horse.

Older and oldest are used in speaking of both persons and things.

My elder brother, my eldest sister.

Elder and eldest are used in speaking of persons only.

Minor, major, junior, senior, interior, exterior, posterior, superior, inferior, ulterior, prior.

Some adjectives are used in the comparative only. These adjectives are from the Latin and are in the comparative degree in that language.

1. My horse is less valuable than yours.

2. John's book is the least soiled of any in the class.

These sentences show that degrees below the positive may be expressed by prefixing less or least to the positive.

1. James is the taller of the two brothers.

2. Mary is less able than her sister.

3. Mr. Peters is the tallest man in town.

4. John is the most diligent boy in the school.

It is seen by these sentences that the comparative degree of an adjective is used when only two persons or things are compared, and the superlative is used when more than two persons or things are compared.

Everlasting, eternal, immortal, supreme, extreme, perpendicular.

Adjectives that express the highest degree of a quality are not compared.

Write sentences using the following adjectives in the positive, comparative and superlative degrees: bright, late, early, wet, hot, friendly, capable, active, many, good.

Write sentences using these adjectives to express degrees below the positive: rough, restless, civil, picturesque, little.

Write five sentences comparing one thing with one other, or comparing only two things. Write five sentences comparing more than two things.


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